Have you ever stumbled across an unfamiliar word when reading about vitamins and supplements? Health and wellness can be a complex adventure. Maybe a new product features ingredients you've never heard of. Or maybe you just need a reminder about a certain term. When a quick reference check is needed, visit our Natural Health Glossary for a brief definition (or a link to more detailed information in our Health Encyclopedia). Be sure to keep this helpful, easy-to-search resource one click away: bookmark it!
5-HTP (hydroxytryptophan): (hi-DROCK-see-TRIP-toe-fan) see 5-HTP encyclopedia entry
Acai: (ah-SIGH-ee) A palm tree from the Amazon rainforest that produces small purple berries packed with vitamins and minerals.
Acacia gum: (uh-KAY-shuh gum) A viscous substance from the spiny trees or shrubs of the genus Acacia, especially Acacia Senegal and Acacia Seyal
Acetylcholine: (uh-SEAT-ill-CO-lean) A choline-based compound used in the transmission of nerve impulses.
Acidophilus: (Ah-si-DAH-fill-us) see acidophilus encyclopedia entry
Adaptogen: (uh-DAP-toe-jin) A substance that helps normalize body functions in times of stress.
Adrenaline: (uh-DREN-uh-lin) The hormone that produces the "fight or flight" response, increasing heart rate and blood pressure. Also called epinephrine.
Agaricus: (uh-GAR-ick-us) A genus that is the large family of mushrooms, Agaricaceae, consisting of fungi with gills and brown spores, including the meadow mushroom and other edible mushrooms.
Alfalfa: (al-FAL-fuh) see alfalfa encyclopedia entry
Aloe: (AL-ow) see aloe encyclopedia entry
Alpha linolenic acid (LNA): (AL-fuh lin-OH-len-ick A-sid) An omega-3 fatty acid found in soybeans, nuts, canola oil and flaxseed oil.
Alpha lipoic acid: (AL-fuh lip-OH-ick A-sid) A vitamin-like substance with powerful antioxidant capabilities. see alpha lipoic acid encyclopedia entry
Alpha tocopherol: (AL-fuh toe-COUGH-er-all) The most active form of vitamin E. Natural vitamin E is designated with a "D" (D-alpha tocopherol), while "DL" (DL-alpha tocopherol) represents the synthetic form.
American Ginseng: (American JIN-sing) see American ginseng encyclopedia entry
Amino acids: (uh-MEEN-oh) A group of nitrogen-containing compounds that serve as the basic building blocks of proteins. The amino acids that must be obtained from the diet are known as the essential amino acids.
Anabolic: (an-uh-BALL-ick) Describing a compound that allows the conversion of nutritive substance into living matter.
Anise: (ANN-us) An annual herb (Pimpinella anisum) of the carrot family with aromatic seeds.
Anthocyanidins: (an-though-SIGH-an-id-inz) A class of antioxidant plant pigments ranging in colors from red to blue.
Antibody: (ANT-ee-bod-ee) Proteins produced by the body to defend against foreign bodies or organisms.
Antioxidant: (an-tee-OX-sid-ent) A substance that inhibits oxidative or free-radical damage.
Aqueous humor (aqueous fluid): (ACHE-we-us humor) The clear, watery fluid that flows between the cornea and the lens of the eye, providing them with nutrients.
Arabinogalactan: (uh-RAB-uh-no-ga-LACK-ten) A non-digestible soluble dietary fiber (polysaccharide) commonly derived from the wood of the Western larch tree.
Arginine: (AR-je-neen) An amino acid, C6H14N4O2, obtained from the digestion of plant or animal protein.
Ascorbate: (uh-SCORE-bait) A compound or derivative of ascorbic acid.
Ascorbic: (uh-SCORE-bick) Describing a substance that prevents scurvy (from New Latin a + scorbutic—scurvy).
Ascorbic acid: (uh-SCORE-bick A-sid) The chemical name for vitamin C.
Astragalus: (uh-STRAW-gal-us) see astragalus encyclopedia entry
Astringent: (a-STRIN-jent) A substance that causes tissues to contract.
ATP (adenosine triphosphate): (uh-DEN-oh-sen try-FOSS-fate) The phosphate compound that serves as the chief energy-storage material for all cells.
Avena Sativa: (UH-veen-uh SUH-teev-uh) A cereal grass and its edible grain; oats.
Ayurveda: (AH-yer-vee-duh) The traditional holistic-medicinal system from India based on ancient Hindu texts.
Barberry: (BAR-bear-ee) see barberry encyclopedia entry
Barley Grass: (BAR-lee grass) see barley grass encyclopedia entry
Bearberry: (bearberry) see bearberry encyclopedia entry
Bee Pollen: (bee pollen) see bee pollen encyclopedia entry
Bee Propolis: (bee PROP-uh-liss) see bee propolis encyclopedia entry
Beriberi: (bear-ee-BEAR-ee) A disease caused by thiamin deficiency.
Beta-carotene: (BAY-ta –CARE-ah-teen) An antioxidant plant compound that can be converted by the body into vitamin A. see encyclodpedia entry
Beta cells: (BAY-ta cells) Cells in the pancreas responsible for insulin production.
Bilberry: (BILL-bear-ee) see bilberry encyclopedia entry
Bioflavonoids: (BY-oh-FLAV-ah-noydz) See flavonoids.
Biotin: (BY-oh-tin) A B vitamin produced in the small intestine by beneficial bacteria. see biotin encyclopedia entry
Black Cohosh: (black CO-hosh) see black cohosh encyclopedia entry
Black Currant Seed Oil: (black CUR-rent seed oil) see black currant seed oil encyclopedia entry
Boron: (BORE-on) An essential trace mineral required for bone formation. see boron encyclopedia entry
Boswellia: (BOZ-well-EE-ah) see boswellia encyclopedia entry
Bran: (bran) The thin husk of grains such as rice, wheat, and oats. A rich source of soluble and insoluble fiber.
Brewer's Yeast: (Brewer’s yeast) see brewer's yeast encyclopedia entry
Bromelain: (BRO-ma-lane) see bromelain encyclopedia entry
Burdock: (BURR-dock) see burdock encyclopedia entry
Butcher's Broom: (Butcher’s broom) see butcher's broom encyclopedia entry
Calcium: (CAL-see-um) see calcium encyclopedia entry
Capsaicin: (cap-SAY-uh-sin) The active "hot" compound found in cayenne and other peppers.
Carbonate: (CAR-buh-nate) A salt of carbonic acid.
Carbonic acid: (CAR-bon-ick A-sid) An unstable liquid made by dissolving carbon dioxide in water, used to form carbonates.
Cardiotonic: (card-ee-oh-TON-ick) A substance that strengthens the heart muscle.
Carotenoid: (kuh-ROT-en-oyd) A family of plant pigments (including alpha carotene, beta-carotene, lycopene, etc.), many of which exhibit antioxidant properties.
Cartilage: (CAR-ta-lidge) The smooth connective tissue that acts as a shock absorber between bone surfaces in joints.
Cascara Sagrada: (kuh-SCAR-uh suh-GRAH-duh) see cascara sagrada encyclopedia entry
Catalyst: (CAT-ill-ist) A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction but is not affected by that reaction.
Catechins: (CAT-a-kin) Antioxidant flavonoids found in green tea.
Cathartic: (kuh-THAR-tick) A substance that stimulates bowel movements.
Cat's Claw: (cat’s claw) see cat's claw encyclopedia entry
Cayenne: (KIE-ann) see cayenne encyclopedia entry
Cetyl Myristoleate: (SEAT-ill my-WRIST-oh-lee-ate) see cetyl myristoleate encyclopedia entry
Chamomile: (CAM-oh-meal) see chamomile encyclopedia entry
Chaparral: (shap-uh-RAL) see chaparral encyclopedia entry
Charcoal: (charcoal) see charcoal encyclopedia entry
Chasteberry: (chasteberry) see chasteberry encyclopedia entry
Chelation: (key-LAY-shun) The bonding of minerals to amino acids or other carrier compounds to aid absorption by the body.
Chitosan: (KITE-oh-san) see chitosan encyclopedia entry
Chlorella: (kluh-REL-uh) see chlorella encyclopedia entry
Chondroitin: (con-DROY-tin) see chondroitin encyclopedia entry
Chromium: (CROW-me-um) see chromium encyclopedia entry
Citrate: (SI-trate) Any salt of citric acid.
Citric acid: (SI-trick A-sid) A tribasic acid found in citrus fruits that acts as an intermediary in the tricarboxylic (Krebs’) cycle.
Citrus Bioflavonoids: (SI-tress BY-oh-FLAV-uh-noydz) see citrus bioflavonoids encyclopedia entry
Cod Liver Oil: (cod liver oil) see cod liver oil encyclopedia entry
Coenzyme: (coenzyme A) A nonprotein substance needed to complete an enzyme, usually a vitamin or mineral.
Coleus: (CO-lee-us) see coleus encyclopedia entry
Collagen: (KOLL-uh-jen) The protein that serves as the main component of connective tissue.
Copper: (copper) see copper encyclopedia entry
CoQ10: (co-Q-ten) see CoQ10 encyclopedia entry
Cranberry: (cranberry) see cranberry encyclopedia entry
Creatine: (CREE-ah-teen) see creatine encyclopedia entry
Cyanocobalamin: (SIGH-an-oh-co-BALL-uh-min) The form of vitamin B-12 used in supplements.
†Ratings based on results of the 2016 ConsumerLab.com Vitamin and Supplement Users Survey. More information at ConsumerLab.com.
Notice: The products and information found on www.swansonvitamins.com are not intended to replace professional medical advice or treatment. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Our dietary supplements are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease or medical condition. Individual results may vary. SwansonVitamins.com urges you to seek the advice of a qualified professional for any health concern lasting more than two weeks, and to share with your provider any information pertaining to your health and well-being, including the use of supplemental nutrition. Read complete terms of service.
© 2016 Swanson Health Products