Researchers collected information on nutrition and health habits from 38,094 adult men and women who were 20 to 70 years old and free of diabetes at the beginning of the study. The researchers classified participants according to the amount of vitamin K in their diet.
After following this group of men and women for just over ten years, and taking into account other factors that may affect diabetes risk, such as family history, obesity, physical activity levels, and smoking, the study revealed the following:
In summary, people who ate more of both forms of the vitamin—K1 and K2—had lower risk of type 2 diabetes.
Many people don’t get enough vitamin K1, the type found in green leafy vegetables. This isn’t surprising given how few of us eat the recommended 5 to 9 servings of vegetables and fruit each day. Use the following tips and tricks to make sure you get all the K you need:
(Diabetes Care 2010; 33:1699–705)
Suzanne Dixon, MPH, MS, RD, an author, speaker, and internationally recognized expert in chronic disease prevention, epidemiology, and nutrition, has taught medical, nursing, public health, and alternative medicine coursework. She has delivered over 150 invited lectures to health professionals and consumers and is the creator of a nutrition website acclaimed by the New York Times and Time magazine. Suzanne received her training in epidemiology and nutrition at the University of Michigan, School of Public Health at Ann Arbor.