After the age of 70, women are at greater risk for heart disease than men of the same age. And because heart disease is still the leading cause of death in the US it is important to determine ways to prevent this deadly disease.
In this study, 93,676 postmenopausal women, 50 to 79 years old, filled out a dietary questionnaire, and researchers looked at the effects of diet quality on the risk of heart disease and heart failure. Researchers used two specific assessments for diet quality: the Women’s Health Initiative Dietary Modification Index (WHI-DMI), and the Alternate Healthy Eating Index (AHEI). The women were followed for an average of ten years for cardiovascular events such as a heart attack and heart failure. Results showed:
Qualities of a healthier diet (according to information gathered from the two dietary assessments) included:
The study authors point out that while decreasing the amount of fat and saturated fat in the diet is well known and important for heart disease prevention, their study revealed other important factors that may help prevent heart disease such as the use of a multivitamin and lower alcohol use.
As we see in this study, researchers are still exploring this question for the fine details, but there are specific guidelines that, along with other healthy lifestyle behaviors, are known to help prevent heart disease and include the following:
(Am J Clin Nutr 2011;94:49–57)
Jane Hart, MD, board-certified in internal medicine, serves in a variety of professional roles including consultant, journalist, and educator. Dr. Hart, a Clinical Instructor at Case Medical School in Cleveland, Ohio, writes extensively about health and wellness and a variety of other topics for nationally recognized organizations, websites, and print publications. Sought out for her expertise in the areas of integrative and preventive medicine, she is frequently quoted by national and local media. Dr. Hart is a professional lecturer for healthcare professionals, consumers, and youth and is a regular corporate speaker.