Have you ever stumbled across an unfamiliar word when reading about vitamins and supplements? Health and wellness can be a complex adventure. Maybe a new product features ingredients you've never heard of. Or maybe you just need a reminder about a certain term. When a quick reference check is needed, visit our Natural Health Glossary for a brief definition (or a link to more detailed information in our Health Encyclopedia). Be sure to keep this helpful, easy-to-search resource one click away: bookmark it!
SAMe: (SAM-me) see SAMe encyclopedia entry
Saw Palmetto: (saw palmetto) see saw palmetto encyclopedia entry
Scurvy: (SCUR-vee) A deficiency disease caused by a prolonged lack of vitamin C.
Selenium: (se-LEN-ee-um) An essential trace mineral used to make glutathione. see selenium encyclopedia entry
Serotonin: (sara-TONE-in) A neurotransmitter involved in mood and emotions.
Shark Cartilage: (shark CART-ill-lidge) see shark cartilage encyclopedia entry
Silica: (SILL-ick-ah) see silica encyclopedia entry
Slippery Elm: (slippery elm) see slippery elm encyclopedia entry
Soluble fiber: (SOLL-yoo-ball) Dietary fiber that dissolves in water to form a gel.
Soy/soybean: (soy/soybean) see soy/soybean encyclopedia entry
Spirulina: (SPY-rue-lie-nuh) see spirulina encyclopedia entry
St. John's Wort: (St. John’s Wurt) see St. John's Wort encyclopedia entry
Stearate: (STARE-ate) An compound of stearic acid.
Stearic acid: (STARE-ick) A saturated fatty acid widely distributed in plant and animal fats (also known as octadecanoic acid).
Steroids: (STARE-roydz) Fat-soluble compounds usually in the form of hormones or bile acids. Steroid hormones are manufactured in the adrenal glands from cholesterol.
Stevia: (STEE-vee-uh) A South American herb with sweet tasting leaves.
Sulfur: (sulfur) An essential mineral found in every tissue of the body. It's needed to make many proteins, vitamins, enzymes, and hormones.
Systolic: (SIS-tall-ick) Blood pressure upon contraction of the heart muscle. It is the first number given in a blood pressure reading.
Taurine: (TAR-reen) A sulfur-containing amino acid.
Tea Tree: (tea tree) see tea tree encyclopedia entry
T-helper cell: (T-helper cell) A type of lymphocyte involved in the direct attack against invading organisms.
Thiamin: (THIGH-a-min) Vitamin B-1. see thiamin encyclopedia entry
Thymus: (THIGH-mus) A gland located at the base of the neck that produces hormones vital to the immune system.
Thyroid: (THIGH-royd) A small gland in the neck that produces hormones that regulate metabolism.
Tocopherol: (toe-COUGH-er-all) Another name for vitamin E. See Alpha tocopherol.
Tocotrienols: (toe-co-TREE-nalls) Antioxidant compounds closely related to vitamin E, often found in natural-source vitamin E supplements with mixed tocopherols.
Toxicity: (tock-SIS-it-ee) A poisonous reaction that damages cells or impairs body functions.
Toxin: (TOCK-sin) A poison that impairs body functions.
Transrectal ultrasonography: (transrectal ultrasonography) A procedure in which sound waves generated by a probe inserted into the rectum are bounced off of the prostate gland. A computer uses the echoes produced by the sound waves to create a picture called a sonogram.
Tribulus: (TRIB-you-lus) see tribulus encyclopedia entry
Triglycerides: (try-GLISS-er-ridez) Fat storage compounds that comprise the major lipid portion of the diet.
Tryptophan: (TRIP-toe-fan) An essential amino acid used in the body to make niacin.
Tyrosine: (TIE-roe-seen) A non-essential amino acid.
Ubiquinone: (you-BEE-kwin-own) Another name for coenzyme Q10.
Urethra: (you-WREATH-ra) The canal through which urine is discharged from the bladder in most mammals and through which semen is discharged in the male.
†Ratings based on results of the 2015 ConsumerLab.com Vitamin and Supplement Users Survey. More information at www.consumerlab.com/survey2015.
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