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Have you ever stumbled across an unfamiliar word when reading about vitamins and supplements? Health and wellness can be a complex adventure. Maybe a new product features ingredients you've never heard of. Or maybe you just need a reminder about a certain term. When a quick reference check is needed, visit our Natural Health Glossary for a brief definition (or a link to more detailed information in our Health Encyclopedia). Be sure to keep this helpful, easy-to-search resource one click away: bookmark it!


Gamma linolenic acid (GLA): (GAM-uh  lin-OH-len-ick A-sid) An omega-6 fatty acid found in evening primrose oil and borage oil.

Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA): (GAM-uh- uh-MEEN-oh-byoo-TEAR-ick A-sid) see GABA encyclopedia entry

Garcinia: (GAR-sin-ee-ah) see garcinia encyclopedia entry

Garlic: (GAR-lick) see garlic encyclopedia entry

Ginger: (JIN-jer) see ginger encyclopedia entry

Ginkgo biloba: (GINK-go  bil-LOW-bah) see ginko biloba encyclopedia entry

Ginseng, American: (JIN-sing) see american ginseng encyclopedia entry

Ginseng, Korean: see korean ginseng encyclopedia entry

Ginseng, Siberian (Eleuthero): (JIN-sing, Sigh-BEER-ee-an) see siberian ginseng encyclopedia entry

Glucomannan: (glue-COE-man-an) see glucomannan encyclopedia entry

Gluconate: (GLUE-con-ate) A salt of gluconic acid.

Gluconic acid: (glue-CON-ick) An organic acid produced by the oxidation of glucose (also known as maltonic acid and dextronic acid).

Glucosamine: (glue-CO-sa-mean) see glucosamine encyclopedia entry

Glucose: (GLUE-cose) A simple sugar that serves as the body's energy-storage sugar.

Glucose tolerance factor (GTF): (GTF) A chromium-based compound that works with insulin to facilitate the uptake of glucose by cells.

Glutamine: (GLUE-ta-meen) A nonessential amino acid found in plant and animal tissue and proteins.

Glutathione: (glue-ta-THIGH-own) The body's most prevalent antioxidant enzyme. see glutathione encyclopedia entry

Glycogen: (GLIE-co-jen) The chief carbohydrate storage material in the body, comprised of a long chain of glucose molecules.

GMO: (GMO) Genetically Modified Organisms.

Goldenseal: (goldenseal) see goldenseal encyclopedia entry

Gotu Kola: (GO-too  CO-la) see gotu kola encyclopedia entry

Grapefruit Seed: (grapefruit seed) see grapefruit seed encyclopedia entry

Grapeseed Extract: (grapeseed extract) see grapeseed extract encyclopedia entry

Green Tea: (green tea) see encyclopedia entry

Guar gum: (GWAR gum) A soluble fiber found in beans, nuts, grains, and seeds.

Guarana: (GWAR-uh-nah) see guaran encyclopedia entry

Guggul: (GOO-gall) see guggul encyclopedia entry

Gymnema Sylvestre: (JIM-nee-ma SIL-vest-tree)

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Hawthorn Berry: (hawthorn berry) see hawthorn berry encyclopedia entry

Hemoglobin: (HEE-moe-glow-bin) An iron-based compound that enables red blood cells to transport oxygen.

Hepatic: (hi-PAT-ick) Of or pertaining to the liver.

Hesperidin: (hess-PAIR-id-in) A flavonoid found in citrus fruits. It enhances the antioxidant potency of vitamin C.

High density lipoprotein (HDL): (HDL) Often called "good cholesterol" because it helps remove LDL cholesterol from the bloodstream.

Histamine: (HISS-ta-mean) A chemical released in the body when an allergic reaction occurs, responsible for many allergy symptoms.

Holistic medicine: (hoe-LISS-tick  medicine) Therapy aimed at treating the whole person, rather than a specific area where symptoms occur.

Homocysteine: (HOE-moe-SIS-teen) A natural amino acid metabolite that can damage artery walls.

Hops: (hops) see hops encyclopedia entry

Horehound: (horehound) An aromatic plant (Marrubium vulgare) in the mint family.

Horse Chestnut: (horse chestnut) see horse chestnut encyclopedia entry

Horsetail: (horsetail) see horsetail encyclopedia entry

HCl (Hydrochloride): (high-drow-KLOR-ide) A salt of hydrochloric acid.

Hydrochloric acid: (high-drow-KLOR-ick  A-sid) A pungent, colorless gas compounded of chlorine and hydrogen, found commercially as a strong solution of the gas in water. see hydrochloric acid encyclopedia entry

Hyaluronic Acid: (high-lure-ON-ick A-sid) A mucopolysaccharide found in spaces around tissue, the synovial fluid of joints and the vitreous humor of the eyes, acting as a binding, lubricating and protective agent.

Hyssop: (HISS-op) see hyssop encyclopedia entry

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Immunoglobulins: (im-you-no-GLOB-you-linz) Antibodies

Infusions: (in-FEW-shunz) Teas produced by steeping herbs in hot water.

Inositol: (in-OSS-uh-tall) A nutrient in the B-complex that is required for the formation of certain brain chemicals. see inositol encyclopedia entry

Inositol hexaniacinate (or hexanicotinate): (in-OSS-uh-tall  hecks-uh-NIGH-uh-sin-ate) A form of niacin combined with inositol. It is often called "flush-free" niacin because it doesn't cause the flushing sensation many people experience with ordinary niacin supplements.

Insulin: (IN-suh-lin) A hormone produced by the pancreas. It is essential for carbohydrate metabolism and for regulating blood sugar levels.
Interferon: An immune-boosting substance produced by the body's cells to fight viral infection and cancer.

Interferon: An immune-boosting substance produced by the body's cells to fight viral infection and cancer.

Inulin: (IN-you-lin) A polysaccharide found in the roots of various plants that yields fructose when hydrolyzed; also a form of soluble fiber.

In vitro: (in-VEE-tro) In an artificial environment outside the living body of an animal or plant.

In vivo: (in-VEE-vo) In the living body of an animal or plant.

Iodine: (EYE-uh-dine) An essential trace mineral required for normal thyroid activity. see iodine encyclopedia entry

Ionic: (eye-ON-ick) Consisting of, containing, or involving ions.

Ions: (EYE-onz) Atoms that have acquired an electric charge by gaining or losing one or more electrons.

Iron: (EYE-urn) see iron encyclopedia entry

Isoflavones: (eye-so-FLAY-vownz) Hormone-like compounds found in soy beans.

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†Ratings based on results of the 2015 ConsumerLab.com Vitamin and Supplement Users Survey. More information at www.consumerlab.com/survey2015.

Notice: The products and information found on www.swansonvitamins.com are not intended to replace professional medical advice or treatment. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Our dietary supplements are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease or medical condition. Individual results may vary. SwansonVitamins.com urges you to seek the advice of a qualified professional for any health concern lasting more than two weeks, and to share with your provider any information pertaining to your health and well-being, including the use of supplemental nutrition. Read complete terms of service.

© 2015 Swanson Health Products

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